Treatment of obesity and brain diseases with human-artificial intelligence interface
SF writer Iain M. Banks is one of Britain's proudest SF writers.
He wrote his future society through his representative work 'The Culture Series', and the word 'neural laces' appears in the story.
Translated into 'neural nets', the technology connects the human brain with artificial intelligence.
When babies are born, they plant seeds that can spread in the brain, and when they grow and complete, they connect to a data bank, a cloud-based data bank, to share enormous information.
Banks' imagination, Musk come true
When we die, we can transfer data from the 'neural net' to the data bus.
It is the transfer of a person's consciousness, which makes it possible to communicate with the deceased person through the data bus rather than the body.
Elon Musk is one of the most intrigued of Ian Banks' novel. He is realizing 'neural race' through Neuralink, a biotechnology company founded in 2016 for brain nerve research.
Neural Links unveiled the technology it developed during a YouTube live broadcast to media in July.
The monkey has already planted a computer chip in its brain and said it can be controlled by a computer. The company hopes to apply the technology directly to humans in 2020 and is awaiting approval from the US Food and Drug Administration for clinical trials.
Interestingly, the computer chip developed by NeuralLink reminds me of the 'neural race' imagined by Ian Banks.
NeuralLink's N1 computer chip has 1024 strands of thread attached to it and electrodes. Each array of 96 threaded strands has 3072 electrodes attached to it, allowing a lot of information to be sent and received.
The chip is being planted safely in the brains of animals such as monkeys and mice, and now it uses a method of incision in the brain, but it is known that it is seeking a method of lagging without an incision.
Neural Links is looking for ways to use this technology to build a human-machine interface where humans and artificial intelligence can coexist, and to solve brain-related diseases such as dementia.
Neural regulation by interface instead of drugs
According to the Financial Times on the 10th, the development of neural races by scientists such as Neural Links is reaching the stage of building a human-machine interface.
Professor George Malliaras, an electronics engineer at the University of Cambridge, said, "Recently, scientists are rapidly realizing this interface, closely related to personal privacy and personality."
The development purpose is also developing from simple information exchange to treatment of intractable disease.
Tim Denison, a bioengineer from Oxford University, cited a neuropacer developed to treat epilepsy.
Already in 2013, the US FDA has approved a clinical trial, and brain scientists are using interspace technology to accumulate various brain-related information to help patients with incurable diseases.
Recently, companies established to build artificial neural networks, such as Neural Links, are looking for ways to treat intractable nerve-related intractable diseases in hospitals.
Emil Hewage, CEO of BIOS founder, said, “We are looking for ways to solve intractable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and arthritis without treatment in the hospital by building a human-machine interface.” .
According to Denison, some brain scientists are developing interface devices that can control signals from the gut to the brain to treat obesity.
More than 20 years have passed since SF writer Ian Banks (1954-2013) introduced the 'neural net' through the 'Culture Series'. And now, through this neural network, a human-machine interface is being constructed and used to treat intractable disease.
Brain scientists predict that it will take about 10 years for the interface system to be fully developed and commercialized.